Thursday, November 3, 2011

Photos from 1951 Industrial Arts in Pennsylvania bulletin

Above: Wood turning at Shamokin

This cool softcover book, "Industrial Arts in Pennsylvania," was published 60 years ago by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania's Department of Public Instruction.1

It has multiple stamps indicating that it was once part of the Spring Grove Joint Senior High School Library.

The well-bound2, 115-page "bulletin" covers myriad topics, including the history of industrial arts3; the function of industrial arts within general education; suggested curriculums; industrial arts for girls; legal aspects of industrial arts; and how to design and lay out an industrial arts classroom.

My favorite part of the book is the photos of Pennsylvania schools from six decades ago. Featured in the book are schools in Derry Township4, Lebanon, Altoona, Erie, Quakertown, Lancaster, Shamokin, Williamsport, Hershey and Coatesville.

Some of those photos:

Above: Related Subjects at Derry Township

Above: Mechanical Drawing at Lancaster

Above: Woodworking at Derry Township

Above: Radio at Lancaster

1. In 1969, Pennsylvania's Department of Public Instruction was renamed the Department of Education.
2. A lot of creativity and craftsmanship went into this book. They really don't make 'em like they used to. Check out, for example, the jazzy design of the endpapers:

3. The section on the history of industrial arts includes this tidbit that I was unaware of:
Definition of Sloyd
"Sloyd" was a system of shopwork patterned after the work of Otto Solomon [sic] of Naas, Sweden, which consisted of 50 models involving 88 exercises. (Sloyd is a Swedish term for a whittling knife.) Otto believed that shopwork had to be interesting in order to have educational value, and, therefore, discarded the practice exercise, the keystone of the Russian system, and included the tool processes to be taught in the making of the model.
For more on Sloyd, check out the Wikipedia page, which differs a bit on some of the above details from the 1951 bulletin.
4. There are four Derry Townships in Pennsylvania. My best guess is that the book is referring to the Derry Township in Dauphin County, which includes the community of Hershey.

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